Stem cells for neurological diseases
Stem cell therapy has emerged as a promising treatment for numerous neurological disorders. One such application has been recognized in stroke, a debilitating health burden that affects hundreds of thousands of individuals worldwide. Many patients would greatly benefit from the development of novel treatments for stroke with wider therapeutic windows than the current limited treatment, tPA (tissue plasminogen activator). Cell therapy for neurologic disorders means the use of cells of neural or non-neural origin to replace, repair, or enhance the function of the damaged nervous system. Numerous technologies are involved in the development of cell therapies. These include the use of stem cells and genetic modification of cells. Several types of cells have been transplanted into the nervous system for the treatment of neurologic disorders.